American Landmarks

by funnywebpark | 4:37 AM in |

American Landmarks. The United States of America has many geographic and historical landmarks. Want to find out more? Check out these pages.
Golden Gate Bridge
The Golden Gate Bridge was built in 1937 to connect the city of San Francisco to Marin County across the Golden Gate Strait.

The total length of the bridge is 1.7 miles (8,981 ft or 2,737 m). The length of the suspension spans, including main span and side spans, is 1.2 miles (6,450 ft or 1,966 m).

The bridge is 220 feet about the strait, with the top of the tower at 746 feet about the water.
Lincoln Memorial
The Lincoln Memorial was built to honor Abraham Lincoln, the 16th president of the United States.

Surrounding the monument are 36 marble columns representing the 36 states of the Union at the time of Abraham Lincoln's death.
Mount Rushmore
Carved into the granite wall of Mount Rushmore are the faces of 4 presidents: Washington, Jefferson, Lincoln and Theodore Roosevelt. These presidents symbolize the United States ideals: Washington standing for independence; Jefferson for democracy; Lincoln for equality; and, Roosevelt for the role in world affairs.

Gutzon Borglum, a Danish sculptor, and a crew of over 360 people carved the monument from 1927 to 1941. The faces measure 60 feet from chin to top of head, and would be 465 feet tall if the whole bodies were built to this scale.
National Air and Space Museum
The National Air and Space Museum has many of the airplanes and space craft.

Hanging from the ceiling is the world's first airplane built by the Wright brothers. Also there is Charles Lindbergh's "Spirit of St. Louis" which was the first airplane to fly across the Atlantic Ocean.
Statue of Liberty
The Statue of Liberty is one of the best known American landmarks. It was a gift to the United States from France to commemorate their alliance during the American Revolution. It is located in the New York harbor near Ellis Island. The statue welcomed new immigrants to the United States who entered the country through Ellis Island between 1892 and 1954.

The statue is 111 feet, 1 inch tall and made from 225 tons of copper.

It was given to the people of the United States by France on July 4, 1884 to commemorate the 100 anniversary of the American Revolution. It was dedicated on October 28, 1886.
Iwo Jima
The Iwo Jima Memorial honors the U.S. Marine and Navy corpsmen at the battle of Iwo Jima at the end of the Second World War.

The statue is based on Joe Rosenthal's Pulitzer Prize winning photograph of five marines and a navy corpsman raising an American flag on Mount Suribachi during the battle of Iwo Jima.
Washington Monument
The Washington Monument was built to honor George Washington, commander-in-chief of the continental army, and first president of the United States.

The monument was completed and dedicated in 1885. It is a white marble structure 555 feet, 5-1/8 inches tall.
The Whitehouse
The Whitehouse is the home of the United States president. It has been the home for every U.S. president, except George Washington.

Construction was started on October 13, 1792, on a site selected by George Washington. The house was not completed until 1800, when President John Adams moved in.

The original home was burned by the British in 1814, during the War of 1812. The house was rebuilt and painted white to cover its fire-blackened walls. This is how it got the name the Whitehouse.
Capitol Building
The Capitol Building is the home of the United States Congress. The Congress consists of the Senate and the House of Representatives.

The Senate and the House of Representatives meet in the Capitol Building to make laws that govern the country.

Source: kidport.com